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Tense period between US and Turkey is expected to continue 

The current state of U.S.-Turkish relations is a far cry from the days that the U.S. was promoting Turkey as a role model in 2011 and as proof that a predominantly Muslim country can successfully combine democratic rule and market economy , writes Forbes in its  recent commentary  article, stressing primarily , that President Obama has had to emphasize that the U.S. didn’t have any prior knowledge of the recent coup attempt.

The tense period in the U.S-Turkey relations is not new, but is expected to continue.

The U.S. base in Incirlik plays a key role in its military presence in the region and is heavily used in the air campaign against ISIS in Syria. Turkey’s NATO membership and alliance with the U.S. is essential for its security.

But despite this mutual need, there’s been some divergence between Turkey and the U.S. regarding what needs to be done in the ongoing Syrian conflict and the rise of a de factoautonomous Kurdish entity in Northern Syria.

For Turkey, the rise of Kurds in Syria is perceived as the main threat. But for the U.S., the focus has been on fighting ISIS, and the Kurdish forces in Syria have become one of the main effective U.S. allies on the ground. The U.S. is keen to maintain its ties with the Kurdish forces, but Turkey vehemently opposes it. Turkey fears that the consolidation of Kurdish self-rule in Syria will increase the Kurds’ power as a regional actor, and permanently change the game in their favor.

Both the U.S. and the EU have urged Turkey to exercise caution and respect the rule of law. The Turkish government’s actions are not seen by the Western allies  in isolation, as a reaction against the failed coup, but within Turkey’s slide toward authoritarianism.  The ongoing purges are likely to add to the view that Turkey, under AKP rule, is moving closer to an authoritarian state.

The U.S. is right to point at the dangers of authoritarianism, and many people in Turkey share the same sentiments: The fight against coup plotters must not be at the expense of democracy.

Go to the original article here 

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“This is why I call you to judge me #Greeks…” @atsipras Party splits hours after he resigned for #Grelections

“This is why I call you to judge me #Greeks…”, @PrimeministerGR said, resigning for #Grelections

Lafazanis, Konstantopoulou, Varoufakis, Stratoulis, all of them anti-MoU among Tsipras’ Party, but not among the 25 Split SYRIZA signatures the two (popular at most, both) in the center

25 lawmakers announced their move in a letter to Parliament on Friday morning in Athens, hours after Alexis Tsipras resigned and called an early election to deal with a rebellion in Syriza over his signing Greece’s third bailout deal and accepting austerity measures demanded by creditors. Among the 25 former Greek MPs are not Zoe  Konstantopoulou, the President of the Greek Parliament, who has strongly opposed the Memorandum agreement of the Prime Minister nor is the Popular Yianis Varoufakis

The new group, which will be called Popular Unity and will be led by former energy minister Panagiotis Lafazanis, becomes the third largest group in the Greek Parliament.

That means it could potentially receive the mandate to try to form a new government, although, it is not a party that has gone through national elections’ round yet, which might not allow them to get the mandate at all, professors of Constitutional Law said to the Greek media today

Having been catapulted to power after years of oppositions to Greece’s bailouts — which come paired with austerity and structural reform packages — the remaining members of Syriza now find themselves tasked with implementing one, the businessinsider commented.

But, still, It still looks quite likely that Tsipras will be Prime Minister in two months,BI’s article assessed.

Syriza remains popular in comparison to the alternatives. After getting 27.8% of the vote in the January election, the centre-right New Democracy party now regularly polls below 20%.

It’s possible that Tsipras will have to form a new and different coalition, the BI article assumes, but seems that there will be no alternative bloc in parliament to build a majority around. It’s not clear for the moment, how much support Popular Unity might sap from Syriza.

HSBC, Metron Analysis

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Go to our story ,

“This is why I call you to judge me #Greeks…”, @PrimeministerGR said, resigning for #Grelections.

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#Grexit in a bottle, Yay… “Zum Wohl”, such a #moodhack!

Grexit in a Bottle? Oh...right on time... Zum Wohl! Is it for Greeks?

#Grexit in a bottle, Yay… “Zum Wohl”, such a #moodhack!.

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Proceedure to accelerate, solution for #Greece to be viable and longterm, Holland- Merkel promised to contribute

German Chancellor Angela Merkel and French President Francois Hollande held “friendly and constructive” talks with Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras that focussed on Athens’ completing its current bailout, a German government spokesman said on Friday, May 21, the Reuters reported,

while the NYT wrote  that German Chancellor Angela Merkel and French President François Hollande have said during the meeting with Greek Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras, that they would personally help if needed to push for a speedy solution to Greece’s financing woes, reports that match, here in Greece, to the Greek political reporters’ information from PM’s office sources from Riga.

The meeting of the three lasted two hours and took place after the dinner Thursday night during an EU summit in Riga, and agreed that Athens should continue its talks with its creditor institutions, while the three leaders also agreed to keep in close contact with each other, Reuters said

According “to a senior Greek government official”, reported word-to-word the NYT. short after the meeting,

“[Ms.] Merkel and Mr. Hollande said they would personally contribute toward the direction of a viable, long-term solution for Greece and accelerate the procedure”

The trilateral meeting between Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras, German Chancellor Angela Merkel and French president Francois Hollande on the sidelines of the EU’s 4th Eastern Partnership Summit in Riga concluded late on Thursday, around  midnight
The meeting was also attended by State Minister Nikos Pappas and Alternate Minister for International Economic Relations Euclid Tsakalotos

Tomorrow President Juncker will meet with Alexis Tsipras, Friday 22.5 at 14.30 (local time), as it is also announced.

Based on the progress made thus far in the negotiations between Greek authorities and the institutions representing the creditors (European Central Bank, European Commission and International Monetary Fund), the two sides could be ready for an agreement by the end of the month, Greek government sources said in Riga, the ANA-MPA reported Thursday evening. Of course, the poisonous “news production” of international sources, could not be missing these hours, as well today.

MT Gov is optimistic about an agrmnt on . But what I am learning frm , Berlin & DC are quite different

Nikos Filis

Nikos Filis

Greece is outside Eurozone , due to the Memorandum

“What is very important is that Chancellor Merkel and President Hollande, shoed today that, indeed, they are interested in a longterm solution for Greece, commented N.Filis, Parliamentary Representative of governing SYRIZA Party, live on air, as soon correspondents reported the news on Greek tv after the meeting

” Longterm means Growth and Depth”

he emphasized, and explained to Emilios Liatsos who was interviewing him ,why these are such critical moments, not only for Greece’s present and future, but also for a viable future of  Democratic Europe, itself.

\’What this government achieved so far, is the fact the Story Greece is now discussed on the table of the top European leaders, on top political level, that really never happend before, since the Memorandum.

“It is a political decision, the survival of Greece,” Nikos Filis undelined, “as it had been  Greece’s accession to the European Community back in 1980 by Konstantine Karamanlis, Greece’s accession to the Economic Monetary Union in 2002 (even with biased data, Nikos Filis said, still, it was a political decision by Kostas Simitis), the same happens now, it is a political decision of the EU leaders to allow the re-accession of Greece”.

The Parliamentary Representative of Tsipras Party concluded his comments with  a so shocking, -though, already widely realized in Greece-, fact:

”  Greece is actually outside Eurozone , due to the Memorandum”

“Offensive Charm”, Alexis? OR, Zorba Dancing with the United Euro Europe?

“A charm offensive by Greece’s prime minister this week calmed bruised relations with Germany” wrote on AFP the day after the crucial, for Greece’s future and present, Tsipras-Merkel tet à tet.

more  of this gallery and the Zorbas the Greeks on our Special edition, so Greek  me !

Indeed, kind of  the “dance” semantics between the German leader and the new elected Greek leader arose since the first days of Alexis Tsipras election.

With no irony, political cartoonists of the Western world envisioned a dance behind the poor-and- the strong relationship in which Greece was positioned towards Germany during the “bloody” five years of  austerity. The young empathetic leader even though he is far more demanding from the Greece’s part, he reveals, as it comes out, other codes in the eyes of the world and its opinion makers .

It is the code of the human nature of politics to be humanitarian, we could guess, since the huge effort of Alexis Tsipras’ first two months was to make Germany and Europe aknowledge there is a humanitarian crisis iin Greece.

But when we are dealing with a Crisis in a society, first thing its leaders are oblidged to do is to assess the extension of the damage, and the sooner possible adress the best possible plan to to rescue this society in the best  manageable way . Exactly this is our problem. Europe seems to have no idea of Crisis management , or at least Crisis Response.

For the moment speaking, Europe barely responds to the human need of the Greek specie, totally aknowledges that we are talking with victims of a crisis whom the crisis is not at all their fault, and finally barely shows a human response.

This  might  turn to a nightmarish dance with Greece for Germany and the Eurozone, but it will be a humanizing dance .

“Our common part of the two countries’ history in Europe’s past has been paid by “blood”, Tsipras underlined. Looking to the future of United Europe,  which Angela Merkel kept emphatically mentioning during the press conference of the two, Tsipras said  “Our common European future could merely be based on solidarity.”

Looks like a dance posture, or a call of dance, isn;t it? But what is it about ” Syrtaki” that suddenly pops up on the semiology of such a critical decision Europe has to take in this point of its modern history?  Eurozone, not Europe  precisely , the united Europen face which is  based on “our common financial present, and future.”

In the mind of all Greeks and anybody who has experienced the Greek life of the past five years, on place, Greece, the suffering status in which Greek people are obliged to be, in the name of the “United Euro Europe”, is unbearable enough, to make it seem a point of no return . On such circumstances, ususally, on  point of no return”, the Greek psychosynthesis, indeed, gets in a …dancing mood! We can assure that, experientially

Indeed, the attitude of the Greeks is now very similar to that of Alexis Zorbas wrote New Europe in the first moth of the new government election, who was happily dancing while watching his house burning. When he was asked why he was so happy, dancing while his house was in flames, he said, “I have never seen such a catastrophe in my life.”

In less than a month, after five years of extended misery looming all over the country, Greeks, all Greeks regardless of how they have voted in the January 25 election, changed attitude and swiftly became Zorbases.

Even though the premier dance of Alexis Tsipras with Angela Merckel was soughted by “charm”, as the AFP names it, Eurogroup two days after denied even the 1.2 billion euros ($1.3 billion) which was unduly handed back last month by Greece to the European Union’s rescue fund

Greece’s government last month was obliged to return to the EFSF 10.9 billion euros that remained unused in a rescue fund created for the recapitalisation of Greek banks.

However, the new hard-left leaders later realised that the previous conservative-socialist government had used 1.2 billion euros to support the banks from another source, the Hellenic stability fund.

Speaking to Dutch station RTL Z, before todays’ Eurozone meeting that denied returning the fund to Greece, the leader of the eurozone’s finance ministers,Dijsselbloem said that for the time being Greece was “still able to finance itself”.

Jeroen Dijsselbloem, also said technical talks on Athens’ reforms were “flowing again” after an unimpressive start, while expressing hope for a deal by the end of the week.

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“A communication channel has been restored between the German Chancellor and the Prime Minister” Gabriel Sakellaridis, the Greek governement spokesman said after the Tsipras Merkel meeting in Berlin, adding that “they found the common reference points in relation to the reform program of Greece”.
Let’s see it half full, common steps are the step A for a dance to keep going …..

How could you translate Greek Humans in Need ? You created a monster, Europe, that ate the “86% of the flesh of the poor”. Here are the numbers

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How do you capture the humanitarian crisis in numbers?

Add, may be together the suicides (more than 4,000 since beginning of the crisis),count the many soup kitchens and charity clinics, pharmacies and municipality grocery shops for the poor, determine the number of homeless and the number of households without electricity due to outstanding debts to the power company? Or may be take into account the families living on borrowed money and the ones sought shelter in family’s and relatives homes because they cannot afford to pay rent?

Should all debtors in despair come out and raise hands, wrote Keep talking Greece in February, while Alexis Tsipras government was desperately trying to presuade Eurozone Leaders, that such a Crisis does exist (!) as the most tragic Emergency on Humanitarian meanings of today’s western world.

But the most shocking part of all, is the non-humanitarian , ugly capitalistic result of this crisis, where, according to German official research, is the burden to the poor, the low-incomers, the low-pensioners and even the jobless appears proved to be  over-proportional when compared to the  economically better society classes.

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This is the result of  the German Institute for Macroeconomic Research (IMK)- affiliated with the Hans Böckler Foundation-, that has analyzed 260.000 tax and income data from the years 2008 – 2012.
According to the study
  • . The poorest households in the debt-ridden country lost nearly 86% of their income, while the richest lost only 17-20%.
  •  The tax burden on the poor increased by 337% while the burden on upper-income classes increased by only 9%
The study that has analyzed 260.000 tax and income data from the years 2008 – 2012, and still has left out of the study the poisonous years of Mr. Samaras governance, where life was made impossible for more and moremiddle class and low incomers, who often have decided ,due to despair , to give their life an end.
– The nominal gross income of Greek households decreased by almost a quarter in only four years.
– The wages cuts caused nearly half of the decline.
– The net income fell further by almost 9 percent, because the tax burden was significantly increased
–  While all social classes suffered income losses due to cuts, tax increases and the economic crisis, particularly strongly affected were households of low- and middle-income. This was due to sharp increase in unemployment and tax increases, that were partially regressive.
– The total number of employees in the private sector suffered significantly greater loss of income, and they were more likely to be unemployed than those employed in the public sector.
-From 2009 to 2013 wages and salaries in the private sector declined in several stages at around 19 percent. Among other things, because the minimum wage was lowered and collective bargaining structures were weakened. Employees in the public sector lost around a quarter of their income.
-The extent of the wages cuts were grossly overstated at least ten percentage points, the study researchers estimate.
Unemployment & Early Retirement

Unemployment surged from 7.3% in the Q2 2008 to 26.6% in the Q2 2014. among youth aged 15-24, unemployment had an average of 44%.

Early retirement in the Private Sector increased by 14%.

Early retirement in the Public Sector* increased by 48%

The researchers see here a clear link to the austerity policy, that’s is the Greek government managed to fulfill the Troika requirements for smaller public sector. However, this trend caused a burden to the social security funds.

Taxes
Taxes were greatly increased, but they had a regressive effect.

Since beginning of the austerity, direct taxes increased by nearly 53%,  while indirect taxes increased by 22 percent.
The taxation policy has indeed contributed  significantly to the consolidation of the public budget, but by doing so the social imbalance was magnified.
Little has been done against tax avoidance and tax evasion, however, the tax base was actually extended “downwards” with the effect that households with low-income and assets were strongly burdened.

Particularly poorer households paid disproportionately more in taxes and the tax burden to lower-income rose by 337%. In comparison, the tax burden to upper-income households rose by only 9%.
The Poor suffered more
The losses were significantly different to each income class with the poorest households to have suffered the biggest losses.
Almost one in three Greek household had to make it through 2012 with an annual income below €7,000.
Income losses 2008-2012
1. Class: i.e. 10% of Greek total: households that have lowest income: loss 86%
2. and 3. class: loss between 51% and 31%
4. – 7. class: households with higher income: loss between 25% and 18%
8. Class: 30% of Greek total: households with the highest income: loss between 20% and 17%.
On average, the annual income of Greek households before taxes fell from €23,100 euros in 2008 to just below €17,900 euros in 2012. This represents a loss of nearly 23 percent.
Greece-humanitarian-crisis

Ethics can not be a la carte in Europe dear Germany . You used legal tricks to avoid paying Greece for the repatriations ,emphasised Tsipras in Parliament

In his speech Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras accused, Tuesday, Germany for using legal tricks to avoid paying reparations for the Nazi occupation of Greece and said he would support parliamentary efforts to review the matter.

His comments are likely to heighten tensions between Athens and Berlin as Greece’s new, leftist government struggles to persuade its euro zone partners to renegotiate the terms of a 240 billion euro ($260 billion) bailout.

The campaign for war damages has been waged for decades both by former Greek governments and private citizens. But it has recently gained momentum due to painful economic measures imposed on Greece under the international bailout deal.The Greek government has not officially quantified its reparation claims, and Berlin has long said that it has already honored all its war obligations, including a payment of 115 million deutschmarks (59 million euros) to Greece in 1960.

But Tsipras said the 1960 deal only covered compensation for the victims of Nazi horrors, not the destruction wrought on Greece by the 1941-1944 occupation during World War Two.

The suffering caused to Greece by the Nazis is undeniable. Yet at the same time, human suffering cannot really be measured. Independent historians unanimously agree that the total economically measurable damages suffered by Greece as a result of the German occupation, in both absolute numbers as well as proportionate to the population, put Greece in fourth place after Poland, the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia., wrote Die Welt, in 2011, as Time had republished by that time

The Parliament plenum on Tuesday hold a debate on a proposal submitted by Parliament President Zoe Konstantopoulou for the re-establishment, reassembly and upgrading of the Parliament’s Cross-Party Committee to claim the German reparations and compensations, to pursue the repayment of the so-called occupation loan and the return of looted artifacts.

With her proposal, Konstantopoulou is asking for the re-establishment of the Committee which will be responsible for gathering and documenting of the indisputable historical data in an organized way that will effectively strengthen the Greek arguments for claiming what is owed to the country and get other European powers and international organizations involved in this effort.

Konstantopoulou proposed the participation of the Parliament’s President and Vice-Presidents or those filling-in for them in the Committee and in such a way that all parliamentary groups would be proportionally represented in it.

She also proposed that the members of the Committee do not get any compensation for their participation in it and that July 15, 2015 be set as a deadline for the submission of its report, while there would be the option for the renewal of its mandate and term.

According to Konstantopoulou, this is a national issue and everyone acknowledges the need for the parliament to get involved in it.

Sources: Reuters, AMNA,

Corruption cases concerning NH-90 helicopters and submarines will go to justice, National Defence Minister Kammenos says

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Tieless, Alexis’ gov counterpart Panos Kammenos, Ministerof Defense, holding on hand the first hot corruption files to MAXIMOU, the Greek PM’s office

Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras on Tuesday had a long meeting with National Defence Minister Panos Kammenos, focusing on the Greek-Turkish relations updates and relations’developements, after the withdrawal of a Turkish NOTAM. As well, corruption cases regarding the Defene Minisry’s earlier political authorities, which were urgently adressed to Justicerom that point on.

The prime minister was briefed this week by Panos Kammenos, the Defense Minister and President of the Independent Greeks co-governing Party, “on issues of corruption in the armed forces and especially, on those concerning armaments,” , as Panos Kammenos stated, underlining that there is evidence that could be used in at least two cases, concerning the NH-90 helicopters and the submarines.

These cases should be forwarded to Justice in correlation with files already under invesgation,the two men agreed, as Panos Kammenos after the meeting said to the Press.

An investigation is conducted, still at an early stage, as was by the minister explained and an inquiry is still being conducted by the Committee of Internal Affairs.

The minister added that the Armed Forces Committee on Internal Affairs was set up as soon as he took office, minister Kammeno said, and the investigation started with an audit in the general secretariat for armaments.

Kammenos said that in two of the cases there is serious evidence of possible felonies, adding that huge amounts of taxpayers’ money was involved and those responsible will face justice. He clarified that the two cases are the NH-90 helicopters case, which started in 2003 and is still currently ongoing and the submarines case which started in 1998.

As regards the Turkish NOTAM, the minister credited the big success, as he named it, to Foreign Minister Nikos Kotzias. Minister Kammenos underlined that it was made clear that this government exerts a serious and reliable policy of national sovereignty.

                               αρχείο λήψης

These Greeks do read the drafts before signing them! Tsipras strongly condemned the “multiple agreement draft versions” handling of the failed Eurogroup .

We don’t make not even a single step back from our promises to the Greek people, we start straight away from tomorrow on our structural reforms for the people bleeding from loans, unemployment and poverty,

Tsipras just said on the Parliamentary meeting of the governing party, SYRIZA, (where he proposed the New President of Democracy)  showing his unshakable decision to fulfill his commitments for a national rescue program, by especially focusing on the most vulnerable groups,  Alexis Tsipras emphasized on this statements, some hours after the failed eurogroup agreement of yesterday, The red lines of this government,  Alexis explained, are the No to the “extention”  of the previous Memorandum, and the availability of this government to relieve, as possible, those parts of the population who are bleeding on emergency situation from the Memorandum policies

“The replacement of the one draft with the other, on the Eurogroup yesterday”, underlined Alexis Tsipras, “is the proof  that some parts of the eurozone want to undermine any resolution between Europe and Greece.”

“There is no way back to the Greek life of humiliation,  vassalage,  and depression”, Alexis said . “We will serve our commitment to serve the dignity of the Greek citizen, which concerns any European citizen’s  dignity of today and tomorrow”.

But what’s the story with this draft , that was rejected by Athens as an ‘unacceptable’ European deal ?

“The draft was  “away from what it had been agreed so far. Under these circumstances, Athens sees no way that “there could be an agreement tonight.”

the  Greek Finance minister Varoufaksi stated at the international press briefing just after the eurogroup.

The draft  statement which Greece rebuffed suggested that the Greek authorities should give their “firm commitment to refrain from unilateral action and will work in close agreement with its European and international partners, especially in the field of tax policy, privatization, labour market reforms, financial sector and pensions.”

Greek officials grumbled that Mr Varoufakis was presented with an unacceptable text as soon as he walked into the room. This is the text

eurogroup-text-zoom

It is a “text not consistent with what has been discussed and agreed upon so far,” the Prime Minister’s office said by a non paper  :

The insistence of some circles to implement the new Greek government Memorandum is absurd and unacceptable. The implementation of the Memorandum program was off the table at the summit. Those who restore it, they are wasting their time.

“Under these circumstances there can be no agreement today.” (in.gr)

Yianis Vaoufakis underlined on his statements after the Eurogroup that he rebuffed this specific draft statement put to him by Mr Dijsselbloem as the meeting got under way . But he would have signed a text put to him before the meeting by Pierre Moscovici, the EU’s economics commissioner.

As  Varoufakis explained, Mr. Moscovici had asked to meet the Greek Finance Minister before the eurogroup meeting, where he had shown him another version of the statement on which Mr. Varoufakis had agreed .

This is the first version of the Moscovici draft

moscovici-draft-varoufakis

You can check the similarities and differences, especially on the paragraph3 of the two drafts “The Greek authorities should give their “firm commitment ….pensions” is put afterwards on the Dijsselbloem draft.

 Mr Varoufakis strongly  denounced that Mr Dijsselbloem had refused to discuss a proposal from the executive European Commission that would have given Athens a four-month breathing space in return for the new government holding off on major policy changes.

But , wow! there is second version, also, of the Moscovici draft , as Paul Mason twitted later yesterday, commenting that it was even more improved pro-Greece

The meeting broke up less than four hours after the Eurogroup of finance ministers began talks with the aim of breaking the deadlock over the Greek bailout, three weeks after left-wing party Syriza swept to power in the general election.

But this was not the first time that a multiple version of a eurogroup draft leads Greece to leave the meeting without signing it . Last Wednesday the Greek Finance Minister also refused to sign an agreement draft , “that was trapping this government to fully accept the Memorandum as it were this gov’s responsibility,” and also “trapping this government to sign an extension”, MP of the governing party Mitropoulos had stated, who is a well informed lawyer on his field, after “decoding” the first Eurogroup trap.

And now , what? “The best way forward would be for the Greek authorities to seek an extension of the program,” Mr Dijsselbloem told a news conference.

Mr Dijsselbloem spoke of a need to rebuild trust and and  he emphasized: “Would a new programme look very different? I don’t think so. The rules and regulations talk about strict conditionalities. It would still be about fiscal sustainability.”

Arriving in Brussels earlier, German finance minister Wolfgang Schaeuble said he was “sceptical” about the possibility of a deal. “What I have heard so far has not strengthened my optimism. It seems like we have no results so far,” he said. “I’m quite sceptical. The Greek government has not moved, apparently.”

Alexis, change it all! Tsipras phenomenon chokes the German austerity, which “is chocking the eurozone”

     

In Rome, thousands of Italians marched on Saturday calling on the Eurozone to “Give Greece a Chance”.

On Sunday protests took place in London, Madrid and other European cities, but also continents, -USA -Australia & Canada-  demanding the Greek Breath of Dignity

Angela Merkel’s conservatives in Hamburg, on Sunday, we underline, suffered the worst election result since WWII Anti-euro Alternative for Germany (AfD) party looked set to win its first seats in a regional assembly in west of the country, by the CDU loss of 22 percentage points in the election – one of its worst ever regional results. Looking more closely,

                  

Greece, Ireland, Spain, Italy and Hungary were the EU member states where poverty and social exclusion increased the most during the economic crisis, according to the European Commission’s Annual Review on employment and social developments in 2014

As regards Greece, in particular,

  • the percentage of the population on the verge of poverty or social exclusion increased from 28.1 pct in 2008 to 35.7 pct in 2013, while
  • serious deprivation of basic goods increased in the country from 11.2 pct in 2008 to 20.3 pct in 2013. Also,
  • long-term unemployment in Greece rose from 3.7 pct in 2008 to 18.6 pct in 2013, while
  • the employment rate of the economically active population (25-64 age group) dropped during that period from 61.9 pct to 49.3 pct.

                  index

Greece, by the way, according to a  Parliamentary Budget Office report, is the only EU country not to have implemented a guaranteed minimum income and is among the most sluggish in adopting programmes to address social inequality and aid citizens living in extreme poverty and social exclusion,
This is despite the fact that six in ten citizens are living in or at risk of poverty, the PBO report (pdf) said.
  • The shocking report of the Parliamentary Budget Office for the economic situation of Greek households has revealed that
  • approximately 6.3 million Greeks (some 58.3% on a total population of around 11 million according to the census of 2011) are threatened by poverty leaving
  • 2.5 million Greeks below the poverty line,
  • and 3.8 million in direct danger of crossing the poverty line.

“The demand for social responsibility on the part of citizens is pronounced but what the state offers is characterized by fragmentation and administrative problems.

Thus the social safety net is characterized by inefficiency, while at the same time there are no expectations that income loss due to the economic downturn will be replenished in the near future,” the report  had stated, back in September 2014, when Samaras’ government was reigning
But the thriving Tsipras election since then,  changed a lot, yet in his first 20 days in government: expectations, the pubic feeling and much of the reality the austerity on pro and anti-austerity playgrounds
In southern Europe, popular opposition has been mounting against the fiscal austerity measures demanded by Germany.
” Tsipras government gives other leaders, particularly Renzi and Hollande, strong support in their negotiations with [German Chancellor Angela] Merkel to loosen the purse strings,” explained Luca Fantacci, an economist and the author of Saving the Market from Capitalism. “And this is beneficial not only for Greece, but for the whole eurozone – which is being choked by austerity.
 
Since last November, both Italy and France have been pushing EU institutions for fiscal expansion. Meanwhile, both countries have been breaching the eurozone’s Growth and Stability Pact, which requires member countries to keep budget deficits below 3 percent of their GDP.
 
“In strictly economic terms, there is a widely shared view that expansionary fiscal policies are in the interest not only of Greece, but of Europe as a whole,” Fantacci said.
“The problem [for Italy and others] is how to make them politically viable. It shows that the current form of the monetary union is untenable.”
 

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According to the European Commission review, in Greece, Spain, France and Italy the percentage of the transition from part-time to permanent job status was among the lowest in the EU during the economic crisis, while in Greece and Portugal, 25 pct of the people working part-time within a year were jobless or inactive.

Participation in education was a victim of the economic crisis, according to the European Commission, which in certain countries remained unchanged during the crisis (Greece, Italy, Romania, Czech Republic, Slovakia) or was reduced (Poland, Hungary).

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